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Created as a unit comprising one large and two small rooms in the 1760s, the following three rooms are named after the artist Joseph Rosa, who executed fifteen landscape paintings for the ensemble at the behest of Maria Theresa.

One of the paintings in the Large Rosa Room shows an idealized view of a ruin in the Swiss Aargau: the Habichtsburg (lit.: Hawk’s Fortress),
a name that would later be corrupted into ‘Habsburg’. The castle is the hereditary seat of the dynasty. The other paintings are of idealized river and
mountain landscapes with figures of peasants and resting flocks of sheep and goats. Integrated into the gilt stucco décor of the Large Rosa Room with its playful rocaille are
various musical instruments, perhaps indicating that it was also used as a music room.

The Large Rosa Room also contains a portrait of Emperor Franz I Stephan. It shows the monarch standing at a table surrounded by various objects and
collector’s items that reflect his interest in the arts, history and the natural sciences.

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